Pharmaceuticals In The Environment

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Pharmaceuticals In The Environment


Pharmaceuticals In The Environment
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Pharmaceuticals In The Environment


Pharmaceuticals In The Environment
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Author : R. E. Hester
language : en
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Release Date : 2016

Pharmaceuticals In The Environment written by R. E. Hester and has been published by Royal Society of Chemistry this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2016 with Medical categories.


An important reference for researchers in the pharmaceutical industry, environmentalists and policy makers wanting to better understand the impacts of pharmaceuticals on the environment.

The Life Cycle Of Pharmaceuticals In The Environment


The Life Cycle Of Pharmaceuticals In The Environment
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Author : B.M. Peake
language : en
Publisher: Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-11-13

The Life Cycle Of Pharmaceuticals In The Environment written by B.M. Peake and has been published by Elsevier this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2015-11-13 with Technology & Engineering categories.


The Life-Cycle of Pharmaceuticals in the Environment identifies pathways of entry of pharmaceuticals into the environment, beginning with the role of global prescribing and disposal practices. The book then discusses typical levels of common pharmaceuticals and how they can be determined in natural waters such as raw and treated sewage, and in potable water. In addition, sections examine methods currently available to degrade pharmaceuticals in natural waters and some of their ecotoxicological impacts, along with future considerations and the growing concept of product stewardship. Encompasses the full lifecycle of common pharmaceuticals, from prescription and dispensing practices to their occurrence in a range of different types of natural waters and their environmental impact Explores the role of the healthcare system and its affect on users Beneficial for environmental engineers involved in the design and operation of appropriate degradation technologies of the pharmaceutical prescription and disposal practices

Pharmaceuticals In The Environment


Pharmaceuticals In The Environment
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Author : Benoit Roig
language : en
Publisher: IWA Publishing
Release Date : 2010-08-14

Pharmaceuticals In The Environment written by Benoit Roig and has been published by IWA Publishing this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2010-08-14 with Science categories.


About 4000 medical compounds are being used in the drugs applied today. It is estimated that worldwide consumption of active compounds amounts to some 100,000 tons or more per year. Consequently, there is a need to highlight the most important questions and issues related to presence of pharmaceuticals in the environment. Pharmaceuticals in the Environment: current knowledge and need assessment to reduce presence and impact brings together results of previous and on-going EU projects with published data from both governmental sources and scientific literature and manufacturers’ data on production and usage of pharmaceuticals. This book puts together the current knowledge and emphasises questions that deserve attention such as: What is the spectrum of most relevant pharmaceutical products (PPs) for the aquatic environment? Which indicators for supporting environmental managers, health authorities? What is the efficiency of urban and industrial sewage treatment plants over a year? What is the fate and behaviour of PPs in sewage treatment plants? If receiving waters are used for potable water supplies, does the presence of these compounds represent a potential hazard to human health? Could we solve some problems by environmental or cleaner technologies? What regulatory approaches, incentives, prevention actions can be implemented in order to lower PPs concentration in the environment? Does a European practical guidance can be developed? Can the impacts of PPs on the environment be reduced through the use of eco-pharmaco-stewardship approaches including the use of clean synthesis, classification and labelling, and better communication of methods of 'good practice'? How can we better monitor the environmental impact of a pharmaceutical once it has received a marketing authorisation?

Fate Of Pharmaceuticals In The Environment And In Water Treatment Systems


Fate Of Pharmaceuticals In The Environment And In Water Treatment Systems
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Author : Diana S. Aga
language : en
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date : 2019-08-30

Fate Of Pharmaceuticals In The Environment And In Water Treatment Systems written by Diana S. Aga and has been published by CRC Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2019-08-30 with categories.


The detection of pharmaceutical residues remained elusive until instruments such as liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry became commonplace in environmental laboratories. The documentation of the occurrence of pharmaceutical residues and endocrine disrupting chemicals in water resources has raused questions about their long-term effects in the ecosystem and their potential effects on human health. Fate of Pharmaceuticals in the Environment and in Water Treatment Systems covers critical issues regarding the occurrence, persistence, treatment, and transformations of pharmaceuticals in the environment and in drinking water and wastewater treatment systems. Acompilation of the recent literature, the book reviews advances in instrumentation and sample preparation techniques and includes an example of how risk assessment is conducted to investigate the fate and effects of pharmaceutical contaminants. Several chapters explore the behavior of pharmaceuticals in soil and the potential side effects of antibiotics on plants after uptake. Experts in drinking water and wastewater treatment systems present new findings on the effectiveness of current treatment practices to reduce the concentrations of pharmaceuticals at the source, providing new insights on how to better mitigate future problems brought about by emerging environmental contaminants. Contributing authors from academia, government, and industry provide a well-balanced multi-disciplinary perspective on the issues, discussing topics ranging from field studies documenting the occurrence of pharmaceuticals in environmental compartments, to laboratory studies determining the degradation kinetics and formation of by-products during treatment. The text discusses the factors that affect the environmental fate of pharmaceuticals in soil and water, facilitate the development of best management practices, and optimize treatment systems for removal of these compounds fro

Analysis Removal Effects And Risk Of Pharmaceuticals In The Water Cycle


Analysis Removal Effects And Risk Of Pharmaceuticals In The Water Cycle
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Author :
language : en
Publisher: Newnes
Release Date : 2013-11-26

Analysis Removal Effects And Risk Of Pharmaceuticals In The Water Cycle written by and has been published by Newnes this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2013-11-26 with Science categories.


Analysis, Removal, Effects and Risk of Pharmaceuticals in the Water Cycle provides an overview of the current analytical methods for trace determination of pharmaceuticals in environmental samples. The book also reviews the fate and occurrence of pharmaceuticals in the water cycle for their elimination in wastewater and drinking water treatment, focusing on the newest developments in treatment technologies, such as membrane bioreactors and advanced oxidation processes. Pharmaceutically active substances are a class of new, so-called emerging contaminants that have raised great concern in recent years. Human and veterinary drugs are continuously being released into the environment mainly as a result of the manufacturing processes, the disposal of unused or expired products, and via excreta. The analytical methodology for the determination of trace pharmaceuticals in complex environmental matrices is still evolving, and the number of methods described in the literature has grown considerably. This volume leads the way, keeping chemistry students, toxicologists, engineers, wastewater managers and related professionals current with developments in this quickly evolving area. Covers the latest developments in trace determinations Concise and critical compilation of the recent literature Focuses on new treatment technologies

Pharmaceuticals In The Environment


Pharmaceuticals In The Environment
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Author : Klaus Kümmerer
language : en
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2004

Pharmaceuticals In The Environment written by Klaus Kümmerer and has been published by Springer Science & Business Media this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2004 with Science categories.


The study of pharmaceuticals in the environment is a relatively new area of research, which has only just taken off in recent years. Since the first edition was printed, many research articles on this subject have been published. It is exceedingly difficult for the individual, in particular those not acquainted with the field to establish trends and developments. Even specialists will appreciate this book, as it provides the reader with a well-founded over view. Following the resounding success of the first edition, this new edition has been brought up to date and greatly extended. It includes the status of research on soil, paying particular attention to field studies in terrestrial and aquatic environments as well as new substance categories such as tetracylines and chinolones and the latest results concerning contamination of the environment and risk reduction. In line with the newest developments worldwide there are now many more contributions from international authors. This volume also caters for the new requirements confronting European and American researchers since publication of the first edition.

Pharmaceuticals In The Environment


Pharmaceuticals In The Environment
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Author : Klaus Kümmerer
language : en
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2008-10-10

Pharmaceuticals In The Environment written by Klaus Kümmerer and has been published by Springer Science & Business Media this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2008-10-10 with Science categories.


Following the success of the first edition, this pioneering study of pharmaceuticals in the environment has been updated and greatly extended. It includes the status of research on pharmaceuticals in soil, with attention to terrestrial and aquatic environments as well as new substance categories such as tetracylines and chinolones and the latest results concerning contamination of the environment and risk reduction.