Neuronal Plasticity Building A Bridge From The Laboratory To The Clinic

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Neuronal Plasticity Building A Bridge From The Laboratory To The Clinic


Neuronal Plasticity Building A Bridge From The Laboratory To The Clinic
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Neuronal Plasticity Building A Bridge From The Laboratory To The Clinic


Neuronal Plasticity Building A Bridge From The Laboratory To The Clinic
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Author : Jordan Grafman
language : en
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06

Neuronal Plasticity Building A Bridge From The Laboratory To The Clinic written by Jordan Grafman and has been published by Springer Science & Business Media this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2012-12-06 with Medical categories.


Over the last twenty years there has been an explosive growth in our understanding of the molecular, cellular, and anatomical changes that occur in the days and weeks following brain injury. It is now clear that training and exposure to certain environments can modify and shape neuronal plasticity in lower animals and humans. In humans, in particular, there are new ways of charting neuronal plasticity at the ensemble or regional level using functional neuroimaging techniques such as positron emission tomography and functional magnetic resonance imaging. Thus, the time seems right for transporting the laboratory results to the clinic so that experimental findings can be tested in the "field". This volume provides some impetus to moving the field of cognitive neuroscience a little further in its efforts to improve the lives of patients who have suffered a debilitating brain injury.

Plasticity In Multiple Sclerosis From Molecular To System Level From Adaptation To Maladaptation


Plasticity In Multiple Sclerosis From Molecular To System Level From Adaptation To Maladaptation
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Author : Daniel Zeller
language : en
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Release Date : 2016-01-27

Plasticity In Multiple Sclerosis From Molecular To System Level From Adaptation To Maladaptation written by Daniel Zeller and has been published by Frontiers Media SA this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2016-01-27 with Electronic book categories.


This research topic aims at providing a state of the art update on neuroplasticity in humans with multiple sclerosis. It summarizes advances in plasticity research as achieved by a variety of techniques, in the motor as well as visual and cognitive domain. We are confident that this collection of articles broadens the view across systems and techniques and widens our understanding of this exciting field of research.

The Brain That Changes Itself


The Brain That Changes Itself
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Author : Norman Doidge
language : en
Publisher: Penguin
Release Date : 2007-03-15

The Brain That Changes Itself written by Norman Doidge and has been published by Penguin this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2007-03-15 with Psychology categories.


“Fascinating. Doidge’s book is a remarkable and hopeful portrait of the endless adaptability of the human brain.”—Oliver Sacks, MD, author of The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat What is neuroplasticity? Is it possible to change your brain? Norman Doidge’s inspiring guide to the new brain science explains all of this and more An astonishing new science called neuroplasticity is overthrowing the centuries-old notion that the human brain is immutable, and proving that it is, in fact, possible to change your brain. Psychoanalyst, Norman Doidge, M.D., traveled the country to meet both the brilliant scientists championing neuroplasticity, its healing powers, and the people whose lives they’ve transformed—people whose mental limitations, brain damage or brain trauma were seen as unalterable. We see a woman born with half a brain that rewired itself to work as a whole, blind people who learn to see, learning disorders cured, IQs raised, aging brains rejuvenated, stroke patients learning to speak, children with cerebral palsy learning to move with more grace, depression and anxiety disorders successfully treated, and lifelong character traits changed. Using these marvelous stories to probe mysteries of the body, emotion, love, sex, culture, and education, Dr. Doidge has written an immensely moving, inspiring book that will permanently alter the way we look at our brains, human nature, and human potential.

The Broca Wernicke Doctrine


The Broca Wernicke Doctrine
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Author : Geert-Jan Rutten
language : en
Publisher: Springer
Release Date : 2017-07-04

The Broca Wernicke Doctrine written by Geert-Jan Rutten and has been published by Springer this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2017-07-04 with Medical categories.


This book discusses theories that link functions to specific anatomical brain regions. The best known of these are the Broca and Wernicke regions, and these have become synonyms for the location of productive and receptive language functions respectively. This Broca-Wernicke model has proved to be such a powerful concept that is remains the predominant view in modern clinical practice. What is fascinating, however, is that there is little evidence for this strictly localist view on language functions. Modern neuroscience and numerous clinical observations in individual patients show that language functions are represented in complex and ever-changing neural networks. It is fair to say that the model is wrong, and that Broca’s and Wernicke’s areas in their classic forms do not exist. This is a fascinating paradox: why do neurologists and neurosurgeons continue to use these iconic language models in everyday decision-making? In this book, the author uses his background as a neurosurgeon and a neuroscientist to provide some answers to this question. The book acquaints clinicians and researchers with the many different aspects of language representation in the brain. It provides a historical overview of functional localisation, as well as insights into the misjudgements that have kept the localist doctrine alive. It creates an awareness of the need to integrate clinical observations and neuroscientific theories if we want to progress further in clinical language research and patient care.

Encyclopedia Of Neuroscience Volume 1


Encyclopedia Of Neuroscience Volume 1
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Author : Larry R. Squire
language : en
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date : 2009-06-12

Encyclopedia Of Neuroscience Volume 1 written by Larry R. Squire and has been published by Academic Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2009-06-12 with Medical categories.


The Encyclopedia of the Neuroscience explores all areas of the discipline in its focused entries on a wide variety of topics in neurology, neurosurgery, psychiatry and other related areas of neuroscience. Each article is written by an expert in that specific domain and peer reviewed by the advisory board before acceptance into the encyclopedia. Each article contains a glossary, introduction, a reference section, and cross-references to other related encyclopedia articles. Written at a level suitable for university undergraduates, the breadth and depth of coverage will appeal beyond undergraduates to professionals and academics in related fields.

Department Of Defense Appropriations For 1999


Department Of Defense Appropriations For 1999
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Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on National Security
language : en
Publisher:
Release Date : 2002

Department Of Defense Appropriations For 1999 written by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on National Security and has been published by this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2002 with United States categories.




Plasticity In The Human Nervous System


Plasticity In The Human Nervous System
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Author : Simon Boniface
language : en
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2009-06-25

Plasticity In The Human Nervous System written by Simon Boniface and has been published by Cambridge University Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2009-06-25 with Medical categories.


It is now well known that the functional organisation of the cerebral cortex is plastic and that changes in organisation occur throughout life in response to normal and abnormal experience. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a non-invasive and painless technique that has opened up completely new and fascinating avenues to study neural plasticity. First, TMS can be used to detect changes in excitability or connectivity of the stimulated cortex which may have occurred through processes such as learning or recovery from a lesion. Second, repeated TMS by itself can induce changes in excitability and connectivity of the stimulated cortex which may be used therapeutically in neurological and psychiatric disease. Third, TMS can induce short-lasting 'virtual lesions', which may directly test the functional relevance of brain plasticity. Current knowledge of all these exciting possibilities is brought together in this book, written by the world's leading experts in the field. The book is an essential compendium on plasticity of the human brain for clinical neurophysiologists, neurologists, psychiatrists and neuroscientists.